Life and death in the ancient world: the tetrarchy and the last persecution of Christians (303 – 311)

Cláudio Umpierre Carlan


The present paper begins with a description of the Roman world after the Tetrarchy, with the fight for power between Constantine and, later, Licinius. We analyzed the political matters concerning the Roman world during this period. The numismatic collection stored at the Museu Histórico Nacional (National Historical Museum – MHN) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, served as an iconographic source to show how images were used at that time as propaganda, supporting and legitimizing the imperial rule.


Coins; empire; iconography; power; symbol.

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Universidade Federal de São Paulo

Escola de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Departamento de História
Estrada do Caminho Velho, 333 - Bairro Pimentas
CEP:07252-312 - Guarulhos - São Paulo - Brasil
Heródoto - ISSN Eletrônico - 2448-2609